Why Your English Language Learners Listening Comprehension is Bad and What to Do About It

When English EFL foreign language learning have listening comprehension problems it can be depressing. If you use videos, CDs or audio cassette tapes, or even perhaps when speaking your learners can have their lesson input interrupted by an absence of listening comprehension skills. Comprehensible input (Krashen, 1989) is a crucial part of any English or foreign language class.

Contributing Factors

These seven factors can directly or indirectly produce your learners' listening comprehension skills and comprehension.

1. Vocabulary

ELT author, researcher and lecturer Scott Thornbury said, ". count one hundred words of a (reading) passage. If more than ten of the test is unknown, the text has less than a 90% vocabulary recognition rate. It really is therefore, unreadable." (S. Thornbury, 2004) The same then is likely true for a listening passage. Remember, "You can never be too rich, too thin or have enough foreign language vocabulary" as the saying goes.

2. Rhyming Sounds

Have you taught or learned verse? If so, you'll remember that a variety of types of rhyming patterns which is commonly used. Alliteration, onomatopoeia, assonance and consonance, simile, metaphor and allusion, among others, all lend their own ambience to written or spoken language in English tongue.

Note: If you'd like or need a quick refresher on these poetic elements, you should read, "How to Evoke Imagery, Emotions and Ideas in Writing Poetry That Captures Your subscriber list Imagination" and "How create Poems That Capture heart and soul and Imagination of Your Readers" with the author. (L.M. Lynch, 2007)

3. Idioms and Expressions

In every language there are a frequently-used idioms and expressions that allow its speakers to convey nuances of thought to each other effortlessly and with greater clarity that simply "explaining" everything verbally. It's a helpful to understand as you will sometimes as possible, but a person are don't, the meanings of many conversations or spoken exchanges may you "lost" into the listener.

4. Pronunciation

Everyone speaks differently and uses varieties Free notes for 9 class of connected speech in distinctive ways. Elements including elision, contraction, juncture, liaison, register, accommodation, aspect, intonation and others, affect pronunciation and speech patterns on persons basis. When learners are unfamiliar, as well ignorant of, these elements, listening comprehension can be significantly harmed.

5. Regional or National Accents

The same sentence when spoken by people from different first language (L1) backgrounds, regional locations, or ethnic backgrounds can be decisively variable. Unfamiliarity with such on the a part of EFL learners can cause a definite connected with listening comprehension or "comprehensible input" as mentioned earlier.

6. Grammar in Context

When grammar and its aspects are taught as "separate" themes, that is, outside of some relevant context, learners could be "handicapped" so to speak by not knowing just how and when particular grammar structures are suggested by native speakers during an oral discourse or verbal exchange. So when they, the learners, hear a grammar structure they will "know", but learned "out of context", they can often "miss it", misinterpret it or not understand what they're hearing.

7. Language Rhythms

One within the big differences between English and say, Spanish, constantly one language is "syllable-based" while the additional is "accent-based". This accounts for non-native speakers sounding "funny" when speaking a language other than their mother tongue.

With epithets like, "oh, she luv-ed him but chew-no it wuzn't not no guud, mahn for demm charter yacht."

These types of epithets derive not from a lack of English or another foreign language skills in particular, but rather from pronunciation based on using an "incorrect" spoken language habit.